Brief Facts About Cuba

Cuba is a small country that is located in the Caribbean Sea that is a part of the North American continent. It is an island country that consists of numerous archipelagos. The main island is known as the Isla de la Juventud. Cuba is home to 11.1 million people. Its capital city of Havana has a population of 2.1 million citizens. The total area of Cuba is 42,426 square miles (109,884 square kilometers) making it the 105th largest country in the world. Cuba’s official language is Spanish. They do not have an official religion, but Roman Catholicism is widely practiced throughout the country. The Cuba flag is a horizontal flag with blue and white strips in the background. On the left side of the flag is a red triangle with a white star located in its middle. The currency of Cuba is the Cuban peso or the Cuban convertible peso. They have two official currencies that are accepted in different areas of the country. Most Cubans are paid in both currencies, and can use the Cuban peso for most of their expenses, while the Cuban convertible peso can be used for luxury items.

Cuba’s government is a Marxixt-Leninist single party state that has been headed by a member of the Castro family for many decades.
The country’s total nominal GDP is $68.7 billion which gives it the 63rd largest economy in the world. Their total nominal per capita GDP is $6,106, which is the 88th greatest in the world.
Most of Cuba’s labor force is controlled and employed by the state.
Their main exports include fish, medical products, coffee and citrus fruits. Their main imports include oil, food, chemicals and machinery.
Cuba used to depend greatly on the Soviet Union to stabilize its economy. When the Soviet Union collapsed, Cuba went through a time termed the Special Period in which their economy rapidly declined. To help recover, they legalized the use of the US dollar in business and began allowing self-employment.
Cuba has a 99.8% literacy rate, which is one of the highest in the world.
Cuba is the largest country in the Caribbean in terms of population.
There are only 90 miles of ocean between Cuba and the tip of Florida in the United States.
The smallest bird in the world can be found in Cuba. It is the Bee Hummingbird, which only grows to be 2 inches in length.

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