Egypt is known as a transcontinental country due to the fact that it lies on both Africa and Asia. The Sinai Peninsula connects southwest Asia to northeast Africa, and it is part of the country of Egypt. Most of the country lies in Africa though. Egypt is bordered by Israel to the north, the Red Sea in the east, Sudan in the south and Libya in the west. It is very populated, and is home to 84 million people, making it the 15th most populous country in the world. Its capital city is Cairo, and it is home to 9.1 million inhabitants. The official language of the country is Arabic and its state religion is Islam. The currency is Egypt is the Egyptian pound, and it has been used in the country since the early 1800s. Egypt’s flag is a horizontal flag with three horizontal stripes. The stripes are colored red, white and black, and in the middle of the white stripe is Egypt’s coat of arms.