Brief Facts About Fiji

Fiji is an island country in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean.

The official name of the country is the Republic of Fiji.

Its closest neighbours are Vanuatu to the west, New Caledonia to the southwest, New Zealand‘s Kermadec Islands to the southeast, Tonga to the east, the Samoas and France’s Wallis and Futuna to the northeast, and Tuvalu to the north.

Fiji has three official languages, Fiji, English and Fiji Hindi.

As of 1 January 2017, the population of Fiji was estimated to be 902,400 people.

It is the 151st largest country in the world in terms of area with about 18,300 square kilometers (7,100 square miles).

Fiji is an archipelago of more than 330 islands, of which 110 are permanently inhabited, and more than 500 islets.

Fiji’s two largest islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, make up 87% of Fiji’s total landmass.

Suva is Fiji’s capital, its largest city and one of the most cosmopolitan cities in Oceania. It is located on the southeast coast of the island of Viti Levu.


Most of Fiji’s terrain is mountainous. The majority of these mountains are dormant or extinct volcanoes, though some were also formed from limestone and coral islets.

The highest point in Fiji is Mount Tomanivi, located on the main island of Viti Levu. It rises 1,324 meters (4,344 feet) above sea level.

mount tomanivi

Fiji has 1,129 kilometers (701 miles) of coastline.

Fiji’s main attractions to tourists are primarily white sandy beaches and aesthetically pleasing islands with all-year-round tropical weather.

fiji beach

Fiji has 50 groups of hot springs and the innermost areas of many islands feature lush rainforests with an abundance of tree species, plants and wildlife.

Fiji has 6 national parks.

The Sigatoka Sand Dunes National Park is Fiji’s first National Park and was established in 1987 to protect a unqiue natural and cutural heritage site. It is located at the mouth of the Sigatoka River on the island of Viti Levu in Fiji. The dunes are the product of erosion in the coastal hinterland and coastal dune forming processes.

sigatoka sand dunes national park

Bouma National Heritage Park protects over 80% of Taveuni’s (fifth-largest island in Fiji) total area, covering about 150 square kilometers (57 square miles) of rainforest and coastal forest. The park includes the three Tavoro Waterfalls near the falls’ visitor centre, each with natural swimming pools.

bouma national heritage park

Fiji has 1 UNESCO world heritage site.

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