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Brief Facts About Palau

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The second largest island in Micronesia, Palau is truly a sight to behold for those enchanted by the mysteries of the ocean. The archipelago is known to be one of the most popular diving destinations in the world due to the biodiversity of the marine life and the pristine condition of its reefs.

  • There are over 20,000 people that live on Palau, an island country in the Micronesia area of the South Pacific. The 607-island nation that is the Federated States of Micronesia is one of the most remote and beautiful places on earth.
  • Palau includes 250 islands and Koror Island is being the most inhabited. Koror is the state comprising the main commercial centre of the Republic of Palau. It consists of several islands, the most prominent being Koror Island. The state of Koror contains about 70% of the population of the country.
  • Palau is often referred to as Belau. Belau or Pelew is other term in Pelew. It is an island country and a United States Associated State located in the western Pacific Ocean. It is geographically part of the larger island group of Micronesia. The country’s population of around 21,000 is spread across 250 islands forming the western chain of the Caroline Islands. It has over 200 hundred islands out of which only 8 are inhabited. It is located in the western Pacific Ocean.
  • About 21,000 people reside in Palau. Of those, about 70 percent of Palauans live on the island of Koror. The present capital of Palau is Ngerulmud. Government offices moved from Koror – the former Palauan capital – to Ngerulmud, on October 7, 2006.
  • Palau covers an area of 489 square kilometers (189 square miles). Palau’s prolific, untouched reefs offer a rich wealth of coral formations and marine life. Huge caves, blue holes and a vast variety of exotic and rare marine species are easily accessible in crystal clear water.
  • In the Republic of Palau, the highest point is Mount Ngerchelchuus (242m). Mount Ngerchelchuus is the Republic of Palau’s highest point, located at the border of the states of Ngardmau and Ngaremlengui, on the island of Babeldaob.
  • USA began administration of Palau in 1947. Under the United Nations authority, the islands became a part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands.
  • Huge number of large pelagic predators, turtles, dolphins, sharks and many species of migratory fish which are not found anywhere in the world gather at the distinctive crossroads of three of the world’s main ocean currents in the Palaun archipelago.
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