Saudi Arabia is the sixth-largest Arab country by population (31,521,000)
Officially the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), Saudi Arabia is a desert country encompassing most of the Arabian Peninsula, with Red Sea and Persian (Arabian) Gulf coastlines. Known as the birthplace of Islam, it’s home to the religion’s 2 most sacred mosques: Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, destination of the annual Hajj pilgrimage, and Medina’s Masjid an-Nabawi, burial site of the prophet Muhammad. Riyadh, the capital, is a skyscraper-filled metropolis.
Dialing code: +966
Currency: Saudi riyal
King: Salman of Saudi Arabia