Turkmenistan is one of the Turkic states in Central Asia.
The official name of the country is Turkmenistan and was formerly known as Turkmenia.
Annexed by the Russian Empire in 1881, Turkmenistan later figured prominently in the anti-Bolshevik movement in Central Asia. In 1924, Turkmenistan became a constituent republic of the Soviet Union, Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic (Turkmen SSR)
Turkmenistan became independent upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.
Turkmenistan Borders: Kazakhstan to the northwest, Uzbekistan to the northeast and east, Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, and the Caspian Sea to the west.
Ashgabat is the is the capital and the largest city of Turkmenistan. The city is located between the Kara Kum desert and the Kopet Dag mountain range. The city is home to one of the largest mosques in Central Asia the Kipchak mosque also known as the ‘Turkmenbashi Ruhy Mosque’
A 133-meter-high flagpole standing in Ashgabat is one of the tallest flagpoles in the world.
Turkmenistan has a lot of world known heritage sights and a diverse cultural treasure, Turkmenistan has 3 UNESCO world heritage sites.
In 330 BC, Alexander the Great founded the city of Alexandria, which later became Merv.
Literacy : Turkmenistan has 99.6% literacy.
Turkmenistan official language : Turkmen.
Written Turkmen has gone through a vast number of different alphabets. Prior to 1929, Turkmen was written in the Arabic script. Between 1929 and 1938, a Latin alphabet was used. Then, from 1938 through 1991, the Cyrillic alphabet became the official writing system. In 1991, a new Latinate alphabet was introduced, but it has been slow to catch on
Turkmenistan is 4th biggest reserve of natural gas in the world.
Turkmenistan exports 41.1 billion Cubic meters of gas every year, while the proven reserve of gas beneath the Turkmenistan territory is more than 17.5 trillion cubic meters.
Since 1993, Turkmenistan citizens have received government-provided electricity, water and natural gas free of charge on a guarantee scheduled to last until 2030.
Turkmenistan is 6th most corrupted out of 174 worldwide countries as per a survey.
There are 26 public airports in Turkmenistan, ggreat for country with only about 5 million residents.
Roughly 80% of Turkmenistan is covered by the Karakum (Black Sands) Desert.
Turkmenistan has four distinct seasons & it faces two extremely opposite atmospheric conditions, in summer its temperature might go beyond 50 degree Celsius, while in Winter it might get less than zero resulting into snowfall.
Almost 90% of workers in Turkmenistan are employed by government.
There is more than 70 feet wide burning natural gas crater in Turkmenistan widely known as Darwaja which contains bubbling gas active since more than 40 years. This huge gas crater was accidentally found by the drillers from Soviet Union state government of Turkmenistan who burnt the fire in the crater in hope of clearing the gas out of it however, it didn’t work and the gas is continuously burning since than.