Home Health First Aid Basic Tips

First Aid Basic Tips

29

The delivery of chest compressions

Check breathing by tilting their head backwards and looking and feeling for breaths.
Call 999 as soon as possible, or get someone else to do it.
Push firmly downwards in the middle of the chest and then release.
Push at a regular rate until help arrives.

The delivery of back blows

Hit them firmly on their back between the shoulder blades to dislodge the object.
If necessary, call 999 or get someone else to do it.

Place the person on their side and tilt their head back

Check breathing by tilting their head backwards and looking and feeling for breaths.
Move them onto their side and tilt their head back.
As soon as possible, call 999 or get someone else to do it.

Put pressure on the wound

Put pressure on the wound with whatever is available to stop or slow down the flow of blood.
As soon as possible, call 999 or get someone else to do it.
Keep pressure on the wound until help arrives.

Cool the affected area

Cool the burn under cold running water for at least ten minutes.
Loosely cover the burn with cling film or a clean plastic bag.
If necessary, call 999 or get someone else to do it.

Immobilise the affected part

Encourage the person to support the injury with their hand, or use a cushion or items of clothing to prevent unnecessary movement.
As soon as possible, call 999 or get someone else to do it.
Continue supporting the injury until help arrives

Ensure they are sitting and call 999 immediately

The person may have persistent, vice-like chest pain, which may spread to their arms, neck, jaw, back or stomach.
Call 999 immediately or get someone else to do it.
Make sure they are in a position that is comfortable for them (e.g. sit them on the floor, leaning against a wall or chair).
Give them constant reassurance while waiting for the ambulance.

Do not restrain them but use a blanket or clothing to protect their head from injury.
After the seizure, help the person rest on their side with their head tilted back.

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