The President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria is the head of state and head of the national executive of Nigeria. The President of Nigeria is also the commander-in-chief of the Nigerian Armed Forces. The President is elected in national elections which take place every four years.
The President has the powers entrusted by the Constitution and legislation, including those necessary to perform the functions of Head of State and Head of the national executive.
The President is responsible for:
- Assenting to and signing Bills
- Referring a Bill back to the National Assembly for reconsideration of the Bill’s constitutionality
- Referring a Bill to the Supreme Court for a decision on the Bill’s constitutionality
- Summoning the National Assembly or Parliament to an extraordinary sitting to conduct special business
- Making any appointments that the Constitution or legislation requires the President to make, other than as head of the national executive
- Appointing commissions of inquiry
- Appointing the Supreme Court Justices of Nigeria on the recommendation of the National Judicial Council of Nigeria and subject to confirmation by the Senate
- Calling a national referendum in terms of an Act of Parliament
- Receiving and recognising foreign diplomatic and consular representatives
- Appointing ambassadors, plenipotentiaries, and diplomatic and consular representatives and other federal officers with the advice and consent of a majority of the Senate
- Pardoning or reprieving offenders and remitting any fines, penalties or forfeitures