Media Nigeria provides you with information on Nigeria, Africa and beyond, and have therefore, compiled this General Overview On Nigeria.
GOVERNMENT And POLITICAL AREA
* Conventional Long Form: Federal Republic of Nigeria
* Conventional Short Form: Nigeria
* Data Code: Nl
* Flag: Three equal vertical bands of Green (hoist side) White and Green
Administrative Divisions: 36 States and I Federal Capital
Independence: I st of October, 1960 (From the United Kingdom)
Constitution: National Assembly 1999 New Constitution was adopted.
Legal System: Based on English Common law, Islamic and Tribal laws.
Suffrage: 18 years of age universal.
Cabinet: Federal Executive Council.
Legislative Branch: Bi-Cameral National Assembly: Senate and House of Representatives.
Judicial Branch: Supreme Court, Federal High Court, Federal Court of Appeal, High Court, Magistrate Court, Customary Court
Location: Western Africa bordering on the Gulf of Guinea between Benin and Cameron
*Total Area: 923, 768 Sq km
*Land Area: 910, 802 Sq km
*Water: 13,000 Sq km
Area Comparative: Slightly more than twice the size of California in the United States of America
Land Boundaries: 4,047km
Border Countries: On the west by The Republic of Benin (773km) and Cameron (1,690km); North by Niger (1,497km) and Chad Republicks (80km); and South by the Atlantic Ocean
*Continental Shelf: 200m depth or to the depth of exploitation
*Exclusive Ecomnomic zone: 200NM
*Territory Sea: 12NM
Climate: Varies; Equitorial in South, Tropical in Centre and in the North
Terrain: South lowlands merge into Centre Hills and Plateaus, Moutains in South-East, Plains in North
Natural Resources: Petroleum,Tin, Columbite, Iron Ore, Coat, Limestone, Lead, Zinc, Natural Gas, Hydropower and Arable Land.
Arable Land: 33%,
Permanent Crops: 3%,
Permanent Pastures: 44%,
Forests and Woodland: 12%, Others 8%,
Irrigated Land: 9,570 sq km (1993 est)
Party to Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands.
Population: Over 186 Million (May 2016 United Nations Estimates)
Population Growth Rate: 2.63% (May 2016 Estimates)
Main Religions: Christianity, Islam, and Indigenous beliefs Major
Ethnic Groups: Hausa,Yoruba. Igbo
Official Language: English
Port and Harbours: Calabar, Lagos, Onne, Port Harcourt, Sapele, Warri
Nigeria is a member of the following:
APC, AFDB, AU, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO, G-15, G-19, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, INMARSAT, INTELSAT, INTERPOL, IOC, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, NAM, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP, UNMOT, UNU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO, WTRO