Mbo is located in the South Eastern part of Nigeria and is a Local Government Area in Akwa Ibom State. Following the local government creation exercise of the federal government in 1989 Mbo Local Government Area was carved out of Oron Division same year.
Mbo is bounded in the North axis by Urue-Offong/Oruko Local Government Area, in the South axis by Atlantic Ocean and Cameroon , in the East by Udung Uko Local Government Area and in the West by Esit Eket and Ibeno Local Government Areas.
Mbo LGA is one of the five Oron people Local Government in Akwa Ibom State. The local government is made up of clans (where some are now known as district) which are Afaha Okpo Clan, Effiat, Afaha Ukwong (now known as Nkwong District), Ibiaku, Ikpo Ikono, Ikpa Ibom, Atanuk and Ekpuk.
The people generally speak Oro language with minor dialectical differences, with strong cultural affinity among the people. The Oro language is popularly spoken by the people of Mbo Local Government Area followed by the Efik language with Ebughu language, Efai language and Enwang-Uda language.
Clan/District And Settlement
Mbo is divided into six district which includes.
Afaha Okpo Clan or District consist of Eleven Oro language speaking villages and towns which includes.
Effiat Clan or Distrist consist of sixteen Efai language, Efik language and Oro language speaking villages and towns. They include
Akwa Obio Effiat
Ine Inua Abasi
Afaha Ukwong Clan Or Nkwong District consist of fourteen (14) towns and villages which speaks the oro language, Uda language and Efik language they include
Ibaka Town (Uda)
Udung Eyo Unyenge
Utit Atai Unyenge.
Ibiaku Clan or District is an Efik settlement which includes
Ibiaku Esa Ekpo
Ikot Abasi Akpan
Ikot Abia Enin
Ikot Ata/Nung Ikono
Ikot Itina Mbo
Ikpo Ikono District includes fifteen (15) Efik settlement which includes
Ikot Esen Akpan Ntuen
Ikot Unya Iton
Ikpa Ibom District which includes Twenty Eight (28) villages and towns which are
Ikot Akata Mbo
Ikot Akpa-Ekop Mbo
Ikot Akpabio Ukam
Ikot Akpan Ukam
Ikot Edong Ukam
Ikot Etefia Ukam
Ikot Obio Ekpong
Ikot Obio Ndoho
Ikot Okop – Odong
Commerce and People
Mbo is made up of friendly and busy people with greater influxes of non indigene and their occupation is Marine-based, comprising fishing, marine transportation and subsistent farming. Fishing is an important economic activity in Mbo LGA with the area’s rivers and tributaries being is rich in seafood. The LGA is also blessed with fertile soil and is a hub for the cultivation of a number of crops such as plantain, vegetables, cassava and a variety of fruits. Other important economic engagements undertaken by the people of Mbo LGA include trade, crafts making, and the construction of canoes and fishing nets.
Mbo LGA covers a total area of 365 square kilometres and has an average temperature of 25°C. The LGA consists of large forest reserves and has an average humidity level of 80%. Mbo LGA hosts several rivers and streams with an average wind speed of 11 km/h.
Natural Resorces in Mbo includes Forest resources such as timber, vegetables and fruits Mineral deposits such as clay, fine sand, salt, gravel and crude oil which is found onshore and offshore is also available in large quantity.
Late Chief Etim O.Inyang – Former Inspector General of Police. He was from Enwang in Mbo LGA