See Below The History Of Nigeria Satellite
The national space research and development agency (NASRDA) is the national space agency of nigeria. It is a part of the federal ministry of science and technology. The agency based in the nigeria capital abuja has a ground receiving station.
Nasrda was established in 1st august 2001 after preparation period since in 1998 by nigerian president general olusegun obasanjo and the nigerian government with a primary objective of establishing a fundamental policy for the development of science and technology” with an initial budget of $93 million.
In may 2006, the new extended material space programme was adopted.
Five satellite has been launched by the nigerian government into outerspace. Early plans to launch a national satellite in 1976 were not executed. The nigeria sat – 1 was the first nigerian satellite and built by a united kingdom based satellite technology company, surrey space technology limited (ssttl ltd) under the nigerian government sponsorship for $30 million. The satellite was launched by kosmos – 3m roket from russian plesetak space sport on 27 september 2003. Nigeria sat 1 was part of the world-wide disaster monitoring constellation system.
Nigeria sat – 2 and nigeria sat – 4, nigeria third and fourth satellites, were built as a high – resolution earth satellite by sstl for dmc systems also it has 2.5 metre resolution panchromatic (very high resolution, nir rod, green and red bands), and 32 – metre multispentral (medium) resolution, nir red, green and red band) antennas.
The nigeria sat – 2 / x space craft was built at a cost of over $35 million. The satellite was launched into orbit by ukrainian dnepr rocket from a rasny military base in russian on 17 august 2011.
Nigeria comsat – 1, a nigeria satellite ordered and built in china in 2004, was nigeria’s second satellite and africa’s first communication satellite. It was launched on 13 may 2007, abroad a chinese long march 3b carrier rocket, from the xichang satetellite launch center in china.
The spacecraft was operated by nig comsat and the nigerian space agency, nasrda on 11th november 2008, nig comsat – 1 failed in orbit after running out of power due to an anomaly in its solar array.
It was based on the chinese dfh-4 satellite bus, and carries a variety of transponder: 4c –band, 14 ku – band, and ka – band, and 2l – band. It was designed to provide coverage to many parts of africa, and the ka – band transponders would also cover italy.
On 10th november 2009, the nigerian federal ministry of science and technology, nig comsat ltd, and cgwic signed a further contract for the in-orbit delivery of the nigcomsat – 1k satellite, nig comsat – 1k was also a df4 – 4 satellite, and is expected to be delivered in the fourth quarters of 2011 as a replacement for the failed nig comsat – 1.
On 19 december 2011, a new nigerian communication satellite was launched into orbit by china in xichang.
The satellite according to nigerian president goodluck jonathan which was paid for by the insurance policy on nig comsat – 1 which de-orbited in 2009, would have a positive impact on national development in various sectors such as communications, internet services, health, agriculture, environmental protection and national security.
Nig comsat – 1r is to replace the last nig comsat – 1 launched by china on 19th december 2011 with no cost to nigeria.