Clearly most Nigerians, particularly youthful graduates, don’t have the foggiest idea about the basic method of reasoning behind the foundation of the NYSC Scheme. Consequently you hear them make inquiries as: What is even the requirement for NYSC, must I serve my nation as an obligatory 1 year NYSC?
While we are not questioning the way that such huge numbers of difficulties have been looked over the past because of the NYSC Scheme, we can’t on the other differ that the Scheme has not done much good than hurt.
At the end of the day, the benefit of the Scheme, far exceeds what may have all the earmarks of being the detriments.
It is thus, that I think that its fundamental to give a record in quickness, what roused the foundation of the NYSC Scheme.
Nigeria picked up her freedom on October first 1960, as a league of three areas (northern, western, and eastern), under a constitution that accommodated a parliamentary type of government. The British Monarch-the Queen of England, was as yet the head of province of Nigeria.
Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe turned into the main indigenous Governor General. However, he was just speaking to the Queen of England, while Alhaji Tafawa Balewa was the executive. He practiced the genuine official power as the nation was as yet organized after the British Parliamentary arrangement of government.
On October 1963 the nation, turned into a Federal Republic. Dr Nnamdi Azikiwe, the last Governor General, turned into the nation’s first President, while Alhaji Tafawa Balewa remained the Prime Minister. The British Monarch-the Queen of England stopped to be the Head of State of Nigeria.
Be that as it may, the First Republic was packed with debasement, ethnic governmental issues and nostalgia, nepotism, and so on.
Because of these, on January 15, 1966, a little gathering of armed force officers, for the most part south-eastern Igbos, drove by Major Kaduna Chukwuma Nzeogwu, in a ridiculous overthrow, ousted the administration and killed the government head administrator and the premiers of the northern and western areas.
The elected military government that expected power under Major General Aguyi Ironsi, was not able quieten the ethnic pressures or create a constitution adequate to all segments of the nation. Matters exacerbated when through Decree no. 15 (the Unification Decree), Ironsi annulled Nigeria’s Federalism and set up a Unitary Form of Government.
Because of the current strain and fears, there was a counter-overthrow engineered by Northern officers. This counter-overthrow removed Aguiyi Ironsi from office and built up the authority of Major General Yakubu Gowon. The ensuing slaughter of thousands of Igbo in the north provoked a huge number of them to come back toward the southeast, where progressively solid Igbo secessionist conclusion rose.
Lt. Col. Ojukwu, the then Military Governor of the Eastern Region depicted the counter-upset as ”fierce and arranged obliteration of officers of Eastern Region.
Thus, because of Gowon’s powerlessness to lessen the ceaseless dangerous assaults propelled against the Easterners in the North, Ojukwu on May 30th, proclaimed the Eastern Region an autonomous State by the name the REPUBLIC OF BIAFRA.
Severance was impossible, as the Federal Republic of Nigeria under the administration of Lt. Col. Gowon saw Ojukwu’s announcement as a defiance to Nigeria.
This prompted the Nigeria Civil war which began in the early hours of July 6, 1967. The Civil war which went on for a long time (July 6, 1967 to January 13, 1970), finished with Gowon’s assertion of a no victor no vanquished strategy.
Gowon trying to remake the Country, set out on what is known as the 3R’s-Reconstruction, Rehabilitation and Reconciliation.
It was in compatibility of the 3R’s that Gowon in 1973 under Decree no. 24, built up the National Youth Service (NYSC) Scheme. The Scheme is gone for empowering and creating basic ties among the Youths, and to advance national Unity.
I emphasize, the NYSC Scheme was built up to advance National Consciousness and Patriotism among Nigerian Youths, and to empower Young Nigerian graduates interface with their associates outside their States of Origin and furthermore to benefit them the chance of living and working for the Country other than their States of Origin. The Ultimate point is to advance national Unity and Integration.