1. Select Healthy Seeds
The healthier the seeds, the higher it will produce. Look for the improved verity and do the seed selection, don’t just plant the seeds indiscriminately, discriminate among the seeds and go for the best. Good rice production practice requires that you manually select the seeds. Lack of seed selection is one major reason local farmers produces very little.
If you select the best of rice seeds, your harvest would be well worth the time and energy invested in selecting the seeds. But if you neglect this! Well, good luck for you gamble.
2. Raise the Seedlings in A Nursery
Prepare the seedbed and plant the seed there first to grow in a nursery. Solarize The Soil if you can – Soil solarization simply is the method of heating the soil by covering it with transparent polythene sheet in other to control soil borne diseases. Because, many soil borne pathogens and nematodes attack transplanted rice leaving it with low yield.
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It has also been shown that Rice yield always increases by about 36% by using solarization technique to raise the seedlings. Again, transplanted rice matures to harvest faster than non transplanted. After two to three weeks, your seedling will be ready for transplant.
3. Look For A Swampy Land
Swampy land saves you the capital and stress of irrigation. Although rice can be planted in both upland dry condition and lowland swamp and irrigated, but it has been shown that rice produces more on lowland swamp or irrigated soil. So, go for swampy land. Get the land prepared by clearing and using Tractors to properly till the soil surface in readiness for the actual transplanting of your rice seedling.
4. Manage Weeds And Soil Nutrients
After two months of transplanting, the rice farm would be due for weed control, then it will be time to moderately apply herbicide to kill off the weeds. Some people apply Herbicide twice before harvest. Fertilizer is applied in about a month after the transplant. Use the right type of fertilizer (Organic fertilizer) and apply by spraying within the plant field with the right quantity.
5. Harvest Your Crop
Within the 4months of planting, your crop will be ready for harvest. When matured, the color of the rice will change from green to light brown. Then, you know your crop is ready for harvest.
You’d need to move in and harvest you crop very fast to avoid it being eaten up by pests as so many animals feed on the rice seed. Please you’ll need to learn a lot about the pest control.