Full Name: Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Phone code: +93
The flag of Afghanistan consists of three equal vertical bands of black (hoist side), red, and green, with the national emblem in white centered on the red band. The national emblem has the inscription of the shahadah in Arabic at the top. Below it is the image of a mosque with a mihrab and minbar, or pulpit, within. Attached to the mosque are two flags of Afghanistan. Beneath the mosque is an inscription that states the name of the nation. Around the mosque are sheaves of wheat, and underneath that, the Hijri year 1298 (1919 in the Gregorian calendar), the year Afghanistan gained independence from the British influence.
Adopted August 19, 2013
Black symbolizes Afghanistan’s troubled past
Red stands for the blood shed for Afghanistan’s independence
Green symbolizes hope for the future, prosperity and represents Islam
The national flag of Afghanistan consists of a vertical tricolor with the classical National Emblem in the center. The current flag was adopted on August 19, 2013, but many similar designs had been in use throughout most of the 20th century. The black color represents its troubled 19th century history as a protected state, the red color represents the blood fought for independence (specifically, the Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919), and the green represents hope and prosperity for the future. Afghanistan has had 26 different flags since the first flag when the Hotaki dynasty was established in 1709. During the 20th century alone, Afghanistan went through 19 different national flags, more than any other country during that time period, but most of them had the colors black, red, and green on them.