Full Name: Republic of Cape Verde
Phone code: +238
Before independence from Portugal, Cape Verde did not have an official flag, and the Portuguese national flag was used. In the late 1960s, a flag for the Portuguese overseas province of Cape Verde was proposed, consisting of the flag of Portugal with the shield from the provincial arms added to the lower fly. However, this flag was never adopted.
The original national flag of Cape Verde was introduced on independence in 1975, and was based on the flag of the Partido Africano para a Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC). It used the common African colours of red, green and yellow, and was identical to the flag of Guinea-Bissau except for the proportions and the charge in the hoist-side stripe. Their similarity evoked the plans to unite both countries, which, however, were abandoned shortly after independence. Guinea-Bissau gained independence on 10 September 1974.
The National Flag of the Republic of Cabo Verde has five unequal horizontal bands of blue (six-twelfths), white, red, white (each of the bands are one-twelfth) and blue (three-twelfths) with the circle of ten yellow five-pointed stars centered on the red stripe and positioned three-eighth of the length of the flag from the hoist-side. The top-most blue band is equal to one half the width of the flag, the three striped bands of white, red and white, each of them equal to one-twelfth of the width and the bottom blue stripe is equal to one quarter of the flag width. The circle of ten yellow five-pointed stars is in the center of the red stripe and then positioned three-eighths of the length of the flag from the hoist side. The 10 stars on the flag represent the main islands of the nation (a chain of islands off the coast of West Africa). The blue represents the ocean and the sky. The band of white and red represents the road toward the construction of the nation, and the colours stand for peace (white) and effort (red). The yellow colour, circular formation of the stars, and dark blue field show similarity to the flag of Europe (which has 12 stars instead of 10, and was originally designed for the Council of Europe, but is also used by the European Union). The stripes are in 6:1:1:1:3 ratio, and the circle of stars is centred 3⁄8 along the fly.