Full Name: Republic of Ghana
Phone code: +233
The national flag of Ghana was designed and adopted in 1957 and was flown until 1962, and then reinstated in 1966. It consists of the Pan-African colours of red, yellow, and green, in horizontal stripes, with a black five-pointed star in the centre of the gold stripe. The Ghanaian flag was the second African flag after the flag of the Ethiopian Empire to feature these colours. The flag’s design influenced that of the flag of Guinea-Bissau (1973). It was designed by Theodosia Okoh.
The red represents the blood of those who died in the country’s struggle for independence from the Great Britain, the gold represents the mineral wealth of the country, the green symbolises the country’s rich forests and natural wealth, and the black star is the symbol of African emancipation. The black star was adopted from the flag of the Black Star Line, a shipping line incorporated by Marcus Garvey that operated from 1919 to 1922. It is where the Ghana national football team draw their nickname, the Black Stars, from.
The Ghanaian government flag, adopted in 1957, was flown until 1962. Similarly, when the country formed the Union of African States, the flag of the Union was modelled on Bolivia’s flag, but with two black stars, representing the nations. In May 1959, a third star was added.
In 1962, prior to the dissolution of the Union the following year, Ghana adopted a variant of the 1957 tricolour with white in the place of yellow, after the colours of Kwame Nkrumah’s ruling Convention People’s Party, and similar to the flag of Hungary. The original 1957 flag was reinstated in 1966 following Nkrumah’s overthrow in a coup d’état.
Meaning of Ghans Flag
The flag of Ghana consists of red, gold and green horizontal stripes with a five-pointed black star in the centre of the gold stripe.
The colour red represents the blood of those who died in the country’s struggle for independence: gold stands for the mineral wealth, while green symbolizes the rich forest. The star represents the lodestar of African freedom.