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About Kaduna State, Nigeria


The Slogan

Centre of Learning

Date Of Creation

27 May 1967

See Also: About The 36 States Of Nigeria

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The state is located at the Northern part of Nigeria’s high plains. The vegetation cover is Sudan Savannah type, characterized by scattered short trees, shrubs and grasses. The soil is mostly loamy to sandy. A substantial amount of clay is found also.

Its northern half became Katsina state in 1987. The state is bordered by seven states.

The state was ranked number four by total area of land and number three by population.

The Kaduna River, a tributary of River Niger, flows through the state. There are rocky stones in Zaria and Kogoro Hill. Many communities are prone to seasonal flooding, during the Rainy season.

Brief History

it is indicative that the name, Kaduna, was taken up by Lord Frederick Lugard and his colonial colleagues when they moved the capital of the then Northern Region from Zungeru to Kaduna city in 1916. This move of the colonial office to Kaduna city started in 1912–1918/20 with the initial effort having been made in 1902 from Jebba to Zungeru.

At the start of British colonial rule in northern Nigeria the people groups who live in the area became ‘Northern Nigerians’- a construct which continues even today. By 1967 these people groups again were carved into ‘North Central State’; this was the case until 1975 that ‘Kaduna State’ was formerly created by the then military leader, Gen. Murtala Mohammed, with all distinct identities amalgamated into one state without a referendum. The state hence is the successor of the old Northern Region of Nigeria, which had its capital at Kaduna which is now the state capital to about 6.3 million people (Nigerian census figure, 2006).

In 1967, the old Northern Region was divided into six states in the north, leaving Kaduna as the capital of North-Central State, whose name was changed to Kaduna State in 1976. Meanwhile, Kaduna State was further divided in 1987, creating Katsina State. Under the governance of Kaduna are the ancient cities of Zaria, Kafanchan, and Nok, the area where Africa’s earliest civilization is recorded to have been excavated. The most intriguing aspect of this area is that the colonial construction and its post-colonial successor called ‘Nigeria’ hardly documented the history or the method of how Kaduna state’s people groups encompassed in these constructs define and identify themselves as such the people groups who populate the area have lived in near oblivion or obscurity as they often are thought of as Hausa people. In 2019 Kaduna State celebrated its 100-year anniversary, making it one of the oldest states in Nigeria.

Zazzau is said to have been founded in 1536 and later was renamed after the prominent Queen Zaria known as Amina. The Hausa people of Zaria are said to be the old ancestral of the region.

The Local Government area

s/nLocal government area
1Birnin Gwari
9Kaduna North
10Kaduna South
19Sabon Gari
22Zangon Kataf

The Governor

 Nasir Ahmad el-Rufa

The Deputy governor

Hadiza Sabuwa Balarabe

The Senators

C: Uba Sani (APC)
N: Suleiman Abdu Kwari (APC)
S: Danjuma Laah (PDP)



Representative Shehu Balarabe APC Birnin-Gwari/Giwa
Representative Suleiman Aliyu Lere APC Lere
Representative Amos Gwamna Magaji APC Zangon Kataf/Jaba
Representative Shehu Nicholas Garba PDP Jema’a/Sanga
Representative Gwani Gideon Lucas PDP Kaura
Representative Mukhtar Zakari Chawai APC Kauru
Representative Zayyad Ibrahim APC Igabi
Representative Barde Umar Yakubu PDP Chikun/Kajuru
Representative Gabriel Saleh Zock APC Kachia/Kagarko
Representative Mukhtar Ahmed Monrovia APC Kaduna South
Representative Mukhtar Shehu Ladan APC Makarfi/Kudan
Representative Hamisu Ibrahim APC Ikara/Kubau
Representative Samaila Abdu Suleiman APC Kaduna North
Representative Ibrahim Hamza APC Soba
Representative Abbas Tajudeen APC Zaria Federal

The Website


Major Cities



Prominent Places

Kamuku National Park
Matsiriga Waterfalls
Kajuru Castle
Arewa House
Murtala Square
Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Air Force Institute of Technology (Nigeria)
Greenfield University Kaduna

Mineral Resources

Cassiterite, Nickel, Lithium, Molybdenum, Tantalite and Wolframite

The population

Population (2006 census)
• Total 6,113,503

Postal Code


Culture and tourism

Kamuku National Park
Matsiriga Waterfalls
Kajuru Castle
Arewa House
Murtala Square

Notable People

Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab
Katung Aduwak
Martin Luther Agwai
Gwamna Awan
Harrison Bungwon
Bala Ade Dauke
Joe El
Maiwada Galadima
Ahmad Abubakar Gumi
Chris Delvan Gwamna
Shehu Idris
Toure Kazah-Toure
Matthew Hassan Kukah
Danjuma Laah
Zamani Lekwot
Audu Maikori
Ahmed Makarfi
Jonathan Gyet Maude
Abdulkadir Balarabe Musa
Nasir Ahmad el-Rufai
Tagwai Sambo
Shehu Sani
Uba Sani
Ishaya Shekari
Aisha Ahmad Suleiman
Sheikh Dahiru Usman
Patrick Yakowa
Andrew Yakubu
Mukhtar Ramalan Yero
Luka Yusuf
Ibrahim Zakzaky
Muhammad Auwal Albani Zaria


Kaduna State is populated by about 59 to 63 different ethnic groups, if not more, with the exactitude of the number requiring further verification through field work. The question as in the last paragraph[clarification needed] with the Hausa and Fulani as the dominant ethnic groups followed by at least 60 others


Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
Air Force Institute of Technology (Nigeria)
Greenfield University Kaduna
Kaduna Polytechnic (1968), Kaduna
Kaduna State University
National Open University of Nigeria, Kaduna Study Center
Nigerian College of Aviation Technology Zaria
Nigerian Defence Academy (NDA), Kaduna
Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria
Federal College of Education, Zaria

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