Located in the South-West geopolitical zone of Nigeria, Oyo State was one of the three States carved out of the former Western State of Nigeria in 1976. Oyo State consists of 33 Local Governments and 29 Local Council Development Areas.
The State which is homogeneous, has a population of about 6million and is predominantly occupied by the Yoruba people. Within the State however, there are sub-ethnic groups with distinct dialect peculiarities. The people of Oyo State may be divided into five broad groups which are: the Ibadans, the Ibarapas, the Oyos, the Oke-Oguns and the Ogbomosos.
The major language spoken in Oyo state is the Yoruba language. Other languages people speak in the state include: English, Pidgin, Hausa, Igbo, Edo, Efik.