The Nigeria’s National Assembly (NASS) is the nation’s highest legislature, whose power to make laws is summarized in chapter one, section four of the 1999 Nigerian Constitution. NASS consist of the Senate and the House of Representatives.
Criteria To Be Declared Winner In National Assembly Election In Nigeria (i.e. the Senatorial and House Of Representatives Elections)
The success of any election depends on efficient planning and its conduct, i.e. accreditation, voting, counting, collation and results declaration.
Collation is the tabulation or summation of votes cast at an election while results declaration is the final step in the elections. It is the official announcement of election results by the electoral administrators.
For the Collation and Declaration of National Assembly Election Result:
1. Federal Constituency Election Results:
The LGA Collation Officer in charge of the Federal constituency (House of Representatives) elections shall:
- Receive the original copies of result sheets from the Registration Area/Ward Collation Officer;
- Collate and add up the results to obtain the LGA summary;
- Submits the result to the Constituency Collation/Returning Officer.
The Constituency/Returning Officer shall:
- Collate the results received from the LGA Collation Officers into the appropriate result sheet;
- Enter the score of each candidate into the Declaration of Result Form for the Federal Constituency and return as elected the candidate with the highest number of valid votes cast at the Federal Constituency Election.
2. Senatorial District Election Results:
The Senatorial District Collation/Returning Officer shall:
- Take delivery of the original copies of the results from the LGA Collation Officers;
- Collate the results into the Senatorial District result form;
- Enter the score of each candidate into the declaration of result form for the Senate and return as elected the candidate who scores the highest number of valid votes cast at the Senatorial District Election.
Criteria To Be Declared Winner:
A candidate for a contested election to the National Assembly shall emerge winner by simple majority votes unlike the presidential candidate who requires not less than one-quarter of votes cast at the election in each of at least two-thirds of all States in the Federation and the FCT, Abuja.
Note: Where two or more candidates score an equal number of votes being the highest in an election, the Returning Officer shall not return any of the candidates and a fresh election shall be held for the candidates on a date to be appointed by the Commission (Section 69 of Electoral Act 2010 as amended).
Where no candidate gets the required spread, the Commission shall within seven (7) days of the result of the election arrange for another election between the candidate who scored the highest number of votes at the election and one among the remaining candidates who has a majority of votes in the highest number of States. Where there is more than one candidate with a majority of votes in the highest number of States, the candidate with the highest total of votes cast at the election shall be the second candidate for the election.