In Nigeria, each of the 36 States has its own law-making body known as the State House of Assembly. The primary job of the State House of Assembly is to make laws for the State, however, it is also tasked with the job of considering matters brought forward by the Governor of the State, approving the State budget, and performing general oversight of the actions of the Governor and the Executive, the State House of Assembly plays an essential role in ensuring that there are checks and balances in the governance of the State.
Criteria To Be Declared Winner In State House Of Assembly Election In Nigeria
The success of any election depends on efficient planning and its conduct, i.e. accreditation, voting, counting, collation and results declaration.
Collation is the tabulation or summation of votes cast at an election while results declaration is the final step in the elections. It is the official announcement of election results by the electoral administrators.
For the Collation and Declaration of State House Of Assembly Election Result:
- The Presiding Officers send the results of poll to RA Collation Officer;
- The RA Collation Officer collates and sends the result to the State Constituency Returning Officer or the LGA Collation Officer depending on the geographical area covered by the State constituency;
- The result is then sent to the State Constituency Returning Officer who collates and declares the result and returns the winner.
Criteria To Be Declared Winner In Nigeria’s State House Of Assembly Election:
A candidate for a contested election to the State House Of Assembly shall emerge winner by simple majority votes unlike the governorship candidate who requires not less than one-quarter of all the votes cast in each of at least two-thirds of all the LGAs in the state.
Note: Where two or more candidates score an equal number of votes being the highest in an election, the Returning Officer shall not return any of the candidates and a fresh election shall be held for the candidates on a date to be appointed by the Commission (Section 69 of Electoral Act 2010 as amended).
Where no candidate gets the required spread, the Commission shall within seven (7) days of the result of the election arrange for another election between the candidate who scored the highest number of votes at the election and one among the remaining candidates who has a majority of votes in the highest number of States. Where there is more than one candidate with a majority of votes in the highest number of States, the candidate with the highest total of votes cast at the election shall be the second candidate for the election.