The ketogenic diet is a high-fat, adequate-protein, low-carbohydrate diet that in medicine is used primarily to treat difficult-to-control (refractory) epilepsy in children. The diet forces the body to burn fats rather than carbohydrates.
The following are what you can eat on a Nigerian ketogenic diet;
- Meat: Red meat, organ meat (pomo, shaki, liver, kidney), sausage, bacon, chicken and turkey.
- Fatty fish: Such as tuna and mackerel
- Butter (not margarine)
- Nuts and seeds: Almonds, walnuts etc.
- Oils: Olive oil, coconut oil and palm oil
- Low carb fruits: Avocados, coconut
- Low carb vegetables: Ugwu, spinach, green, okro, tomatoes, onions, peppers, cucumber, cabbage, lettuce leaves
- Condiments: You can use salt, pepper and various healthy herbs and spices.
What foods should I limit or avoid?
Any food that is high in carbohydrates should be limited or avoided.
Sugary foods and drinks (sweets, cake, fruit juice, smoothies, ice cream, soft drinks, etc.);
Starches or grains (wheat, noodles, cereal, pasta, rice, wheat-based products and so on);
All fruit (apart from avocado and coconut); Legumes and beans;
Tubers and root vegetables (carrots, sweet potatoes, potatoes, plantain, yam); Low-fat/diet products;
Condiments that contain sugar; Unhealthy fats (for instance, vegetable oil); Alcohol.